Our Inspirations

Shree Ramakrishna (1836 – 1886):-

Shree Ramakrishna, the sun among the stars of prophets who himself forecast in his life time that he would be worshipped as God at home to home in future took birth on 17th February 1836 at the village Kamarpukur about sixty miles away from Kolkata, the then Capital of India. The father Kshudiram Chattopadhyay and mother Chandramoni Devi were blessed obtaining him as their son. Shree Ramakrishna had two brothers both were elder to him and two sisters one elder and other younger. His name was Gadadhar Chattopadhyay in his childhood as his father got a divine vision at Gaya from Lord Bishnu named as Gadadhar that the Lord Himself would take birth as his child. Both the pious parents got plenty of divine visions before and after the divine birth of Gadadhar like other incarnations of God.

Due to Shree Ramakrishna’s immense love to all and simplicity , all irrespective of men, women, young, old, caste and creed had great reverence and love upon him not only in his native village but at all other places where ever he lived also. From his very childhood he used to love the God and was very much eager to live with Him. He was merged into trance several times even in his early age during his staying at Kamarpukur up to the age seventeen years. His deep adherence to truth over the whole life had been found in his very early age at the time of ritual of investing him with the sacred thread. Refusing all the instructions and requests of the elders he was very much rigid to take first alms from a lower caste lady as he was promised to her for that and breaking of promise was falling from truth which was against the discipline of a Brahmin. At last his rigidity for truth won. At the age of his seven years, a great change came to their poor family due to his father’s death. His eldest brother Ramkumar went to Kolkata with the hope to solve their financially wretched condition.

At the age of his seventeen years Gadadhar had to go Kolkata to assist his eldest brother. His keen intelligent and hankering for ultimate truth induced him to refuse to take any academic education which was only for worldly prosperity, he used to tell, “I want such an education which can bring a real success to a human being”. Following his eldest brother he gradually took over the work of the priest of Dakshineswar Kali Temple established by Rani Rashmoni, a lower caste rich pious lady. There he completely merged himself to get vision of the Divine Universal Mother or the Ultimate Truth. His keen urge for the Mother’s vision made him outwardly mad; he fully forgot his worldly necessity, forgot his body.

Despite that when he did not get any vision of Mother, he was about to destroy his body and suddenly got the vision of Divine-Mother. Gradually She became to his very near and dear like a worldly mother to her child. After that to fulfill the Cosmic-Will he had to go through all the leading spiritual disciplines of the world and he realized the ultimate truth through every discipline. From his own experience he took decision “AS many tenets, so many ways to salvation”. When his wife Shree Saradamoni Devi came to him at Dakshineswar first time then she was at the age of eighteen and she lived with him in the same room. But Shree Ramakrishna was so much merged into divine thinking, mental passion never came to him and he had always seen his Divine-Mother within her. He worshiped her as Divine-Mother ritualistically which is known as Sodashi-Puja. Shree Ramakrishna tried to remove all the inconveniences of her to his best and he taught her affectionately all the tit-bits for worldly and spiritual life as a teacher do to his disciple.

Gradually Shree Ramakrishna’s intimate followers began to come round him and the group headed by Narendranath afterwards Swami Vivekananda became great stars in the spiritual world under his loving guidance and he established an order known as Ramakrishna-Order through which the common people of the world be blessed with his life and teachings for the coming thousands of years. Fulfilling his prophetic mission Shree Ramakrishna left his mortal body on 16th August 1886.

Few teachings of Shree Ramakrishna are as follows:-

  1. As many faith so many path.
  2. The aim of human being is to realize God.
  3. If it be possible to worship God in an earthen image then why it would not be possible in a living human being?
  4. When flower blooms, bees come of their own accord.
  5. Many are the names of God and infinite the forms through which He may be approached. In whatever name and form you worship Him through that you will realize Him.
  6. The magnetic needle always point to the north, and hence it is that the sailing vessel does not lose her direction. So long as the heart of man is directed towards God, he cannot be lost in the ocean of worldliness.
  7. God cannot be realized if there is the slightest attachment to the things of the world. A thread cannot pass through the eye of the needle if the tiniest fiber sticks out.
  8. One cannot realize God without sincerity and simplicity. God is far, far away from the crooked heart.
  9. Knowledge leads to unity; ignorance to diversity.
  10. If you must be mad, why should you be mad for the things of the world? If you must be mad, be mad for God alone.
  11. All want to be teachers. But who cares to be a disciple?
  12. Remain always strong and steadfast in thy own faith, but eschew all bigotry and intolerance.

Shree Maa Sararada Devi (1853 – 1920):-

Shree Maa Sararada Devi, the divine companion of Shree Ramakrishna who herself told him that she had come to assist his desired path, took birth on 22nd December 1853 at a remote village Jayrambati about sixty five miles away from Kolkata and it was a nearby village of Kamarpukur, birthplace of Shree Ramakrishna. Her birth was also divine like Shree Ramakrishna. Once her mother Shyamasundari Devi had vision at a lonely place that a sweet little girl wearing a red silk cloth came down and embracing her neck told her that She was coming to her home, thenceforth Shyamasundari Devi was feeling that that girl had entered her womb and in due course Sarada Devi took birth. Her father’s name was Ramchandra Mukhopadhyay, a simple pious Brahmin. She was the eldest among their seven sisters and brothers.

Shree Ramakrishna used to tell that Shree Sarada Devi was an embodiment of Devi Saraswati and she had come to distribute knowledge in the world and he further told that she had come to teach the world about the motherhood. Practically the world has never seen before such an all-embracing motherhood. She was a living form of motherhood come out from the churning of the hearts of all mothers of the universe. The world had conception about the universal mother like Durga, Kali from the mythology but it found an universal mother in flesh and blood first time in the history in her. Anyone irrespective of any caste, creed and colour came in contact with her was charmed with the genuine motherly affection from her and feeling of most of them was that she was much more than their worldly mother. Once when she was only a very little girl of aged about eleven years, a famine broke up at her native village, a large number of people had no food day after day.

Her father somehow arranged for some cooked food for the unfortunate people. They were not able to wait for little cooling of the hot cooked food due to their thrills of hunger but taking of very hot food was also difficult. Seeing the embarrassed condition of the wretched people, the blooming motherhood of little Sarada pushed forward her to do fanning the food with her little hands for giving a little relief from their trouble.

She was not only an ideal mother but she was an ideal wife, sister and daughter also. She was married with Shree Ramakrishna at her five years of age according to the custom then prevailed. Shree Ramakrishna used to stay at Dakshineswar near Kolkata and he used to come Kamarpukur occasionally. When he came to Kamarpukur , he taught Shree Sarada Devi all the pros and cons of house-hold life to make her fit for worldly life and taught her about spiritual life with great affection to make her life blissful and fruitful. Always Sarada was in divine blissful state getting the genuine love of her husband, Shree Ramakrishna. At her age of eighteen years rumor came to Jayrambati that Shree Ramakrishna became mad then she felt much pain in her heart and came to Dakshineswar with great difficulty to serve her husband. Soon she understood that the rumor was not true, he was the same divine lover like before. He began to teach her like before with great reverence being alert about her great potentiality. Shree Ramakrishna had so much reverence that he formally worshipped her as Divine-Mother. Shree Ramakrishna Left his mortal body on 16th August 1886.

To reduce the pain of separation from her life-deity, Sarada Devi went to different pilgrimages with the help of few devotees and after that her deep austere life began at Kamarpukur and Jayrambati without food and cloth. But she used to stay in deep thinking of Shree Ramakrishna. She never asked for anything to anyone but she was depended upon God only. During the last part of life-time of Shree Ramakrishna, a group of sincere house-hold devotees and a group of young men, highly energetic and sincere to their core of hearts to depute their lives for their own supreme knowledge and well-being of others gathered round him. He trained them all to achieve one’s own supreme knowledge and to do well-being of the world. Swami Vivekananda was the leader of later group who took the vow of Sannyasa and gave a shape of Monastic-Order to fulfill their Master’s will. Though Sarada Devi was nobody of the Order officially but every member of the Order took refuge to her at their critical moment and her decision was the final word to them. She was the spiritual teacher of thousands of people. Once Shree Ramakrishna told her that she had to do much more than him for the well-being of people and his voice became literally true. She was the Holy-Mother to all the followers and admirers of Shree Ramakrishna. Companion of no other incarnation did so much to support her husband’s mission like her. Once she told Shree Ramakrishna that she had come to support his mission and that also came to literally true. At last she left her mortal body on 21st July 1920 keeping the Shree Ramakrishna’s Order on strong foundation of love and a strong example of Universal Mother.

Few teachings of Shree Maa Sarada Devi are as follows:-

  1. Is the name of Master a trifle? Those who have come here and are thinking of the Master will certainly see their Chosen Ideal one day. If they are not able to do so during their life time, they will at least have His vision at last moment before their death.
  2. The grace of God is the thing that is needful. One should pray for the grace of God.
  3. The easiest and best way of solving the problems of life is to take the name of God, of Shree Ramakrishna, in silence.
  4. Spiritual practice means to keep the mind steady in His lotus feet and to be absorbed in His thoughts.
  5. What else does one obtain by the realization of God? Does he grow two horns? No, his mind becomes pure and through a pure mind one attains knowledge and awakening.
  6. As death is always certain, one should carry out pious intentions whenever he felt, without waiting for a particular time. Death does not make any distinction of time.
  7. No one can suffer all the time. No one will spend all his day on the earth in suffering. Every action brings its own result, and one gets weal or woe accordingly.
  8. He who is really anxious to cross the ocean of the world will somehow break his bonds. No one can entangle him.
  9. Know that the service to your mother is your highest duty. But it is different matters if she stands in the way of your spiritual progress.
  10. My child, if you want peace don’t find guilt of others, try to find guilt of yourself. Try to make the world your own. Nobody is unrelated to you; everybody is of your own.

Shreemat Swami Vivekananda (1863 – 1902):-

Narendranath Dutta, later known as Swami Vivekananda about whom Shree Ramakrishna, his spiritual teacher used to tell that he was one of the seven great ancient sages, was born in Kolkata on 12th January 1863. His father was Viswanath Dutta, a renowned attorney and mother was Bhuvaneswari Devi, a noble, intelligent, affectionate, pious lady. His first teachings of the great qualities like truthfulness, courage, fellow-feelings etc. started on the lap of his generous mother. He received the teachings of self-respect, self-confidence etc. in his childhood from his high-minded father. Narendranath was a strict follower of truth, he was uncompromised to compromise a least against truth from his very boyhood. This nature of him pushed him to the question that does the God really exist? Narendranath approached to many renowned persons on the realm with the question but nobody except Shree Ramakrishna gave him a simple clear, satisfactory answer without any hindrance. Shree Ramakrishna told clearly, “He is, His existence is much clearer than you are to me, if you follow my instructions, I can show you also”. Narendranath began to visit Shree Ramakrishna more and gradually accepted him as his Guru, the spiritual teacher. He dipped into the realm of deep spiritual practices under his Guru’s instructions and soon attained the peak of spiritual world, the Nirvikalpa Samadhi, he wanted to stay there merging into that but Shree Ramakrishna scolded him that that was not for him, he had to perform Mother’s Work i.e. to teach the world for its uplift. Then the door of Nirvikalpa Samadhi would be locked for him and that would be opened after finishing the Mother’s work. Shree Ramakrishna instructed him how the Mother’s works have to be performed. In the meantime he lost his father who used to earn much but his large heart used to spend much more for others, so he was not able to keep money for his family. In this condition Narendranath had to face a great hardship. Despite his utmost trying he was failing to arrange the minimum necessary arrangements for his mother and brothers and he had to undergo in starving often. So he had to pass then through great agony. Then at the same time his Guru, Shree Ramakrishna was also being ready for leaving this world by accepting incurable decease, cancer. Narendranath had to manage these difficult tasks simultaneously – i) to administer his family matters as described before, ii) to organize his brother-disciples for the service of Shree Ramakrishna, the pole-star of their lives, going to leave this world soon and iii) to dip into his spiritual practices for realization of the ultimate truth.

Shree Ramakrishna left his mortal body on 16th August 1886. Narendranath along with his brother-disciples i.e. most of the young disciples of Shree Ramakrishna accepted the vow of Sannyasa and they all dipped into great austerity and spiritual practices which was unique in the history of spiritual world. Narendranath, the leader of this monastic group leaded them very efficiently with great love and placing of his own life of knowledge, spirituality, austerity, unselfishness, method of workings etc. in front of them. This budding organization afterwards manifested into twin organizations, Ramakrishna Math and Ramakrishna Mission. After few years he travelled the whole India, the land of renunciation and spirituality to know about all the pros and cons of her. His thorough travel throughout the country unveiled the mystery how an all-round developed country turned to its present miserable condition where most of common people of the country were living like beasts without sufficient food and cloth, they had lost their self-confidence and they were about to forget their human-nature but he further noticed also that all the fine attributes of a real man like feelings for others, faith to God, ability to work etc. were still alive in them. He began to think how those descendants of great Rishis could be re-established on their past glory. He found the answer from his core of heart that they had to endow again with self-respect and real teachings were necessary for them. But how that can be done? He got the answer from his inner-self and got direction from the Cosmic-Power also. He decided to go America to attend the Parliament of Religions which was to be organized in Chicago as a representative of Hindu Religion. Already he had been requested for that by his friends and disciples of Madras. At this time he took the name of Swami Vivekananda and started for America with little money collected by his friends from themselves by subscription. He reached Chicago on 30th July 1893.

America was totally an unknown country to him and he was alone there. He had no credentials which was almost must to attend the Parliament of Religions with him. He had no sufficient money also but he had to wait for Parliament because he reached America in well advance. So he had to face a lot of great difficulties which was sufficient to frighten anyone, as much he might be brave. But depending upon the God alone he overcame all and at last he attained the Parliament of Religions in Chicago as the representative of Hinduism. His lectures put a great impact on the audience and afterwards on most of the educated Americans for his genuine love for them, deep knowledge on all the scriptures of Hinduism and other religions and over all his realization of the truth, described in the scriptures. The people of western countries came to know what treasures were inside the Indian Culture and how great was the Indian Nation! They became respectful to India and Indians though a part of Christian Missionaries and a part of his own countrymen became jealous and hostile to him for his acceptance to a large number of people. But that jealousy and hostility could no harm to him, on the contrary helped others to understand his great and high qualities. His countrymen who lost their self-reliance which was the main cause of degradation of India get back that sels-reliance and India began to regenerate. Western people came to know about the real religion or the real spirituality which was a great balm to reduce their mental unrest.

He came back to India on 15th January 1897. Now he put emphasis on the works in India to impart the real education among the masses. According to him education is the panache to solve all the problems of mankind. He travelled all over the country and delivered lectures among the masses to make them conscious about his ideas for regeneration of India. He established Ramakrishna Mission and nicely fixed the forms of both the Ramakrishna Math and Ramakrishna Mission with the help of his brother-disciples and his own disciples. He concretized his ideas of making “One’s own salvation and welfare of the world” through this twin organization. Through the Ramakrishna Mission he materialized the ideas of his Guru, Shree Ramakrishna – “Serve the creature as the God”. After giving a new dimension in religious doctrines of the world and rousing the vitality in national life of India following Shree Ramakrishna’s directions, he was preparing himself for his ultimate journey from the world. He was giving hints also for that to his inner circle, but they were not ready to understand the meaning of those. He left his mortal body on 4th July 1902.

Few teachings of Swami Vivekananda are as follows:-

  1. No need of looking behind. Forward! We want infinite energy, infinite zeal; infinite courage and infinite patience; then only will great things achieved.
  2. Be moral, be brave, be a heart-whole man – strictly moral, brave unto desperation. Don’t bother your head with religious theories; cowards only sin, brave men never. Try to love anybody and everybody.
  3. Faith, sympathy, fiery faith and fiery sympathy! Faith, faith, faith in ourselves, faith, faith in God – this is the secret of greatness.
  4. The ideal of faith in ourselves is the greatest help to us. If faith in ourselves had been more extensively taught and practiced, I am sure a very large portion of the evils and miseries that we have would be vanished.
  5. To me Mother’s grace is a hundred thousand times more valuable than Father’s grace, Mother’s blessings are all paramount to me.
  6. Him I call a Mahatman whose heart bleeds for the poor, otherwise he is a Duratman.
  7. After so much austerity, I have understood this as real truth, God is present in every Jiva, there is no other God besides that. Who serves Jiva serves God indeed.
  8. Give up jealousy and conceit. Learn to work unitedly for others. This is the great need of our country.
  9. Great things can be done by great sacrifices only.
  10. One may gain political and social independence, but if he is a slave to his passions and desires, he cannot feel the pure joy of freedom.
  11. The man that has practiced control over himself cannot be acted upon by anything outside; there is no more slavery for him. His mind has become free; such a man alone is fit to live.
  12. Stand up, be bold, be strong. Take the whole responsibility on your shoulders and know that you are the creator of your own destiny. All the strength and succour you want is within yourselves. Therefore make your own future.

Shreemat Swami Vivekananda (1863 – 1902):-

Narendranath Dutta, later known as Swami Vivekananda about whom Shree Ramakrishna, his spiritual teacher used to tell that he was one of the seven great ancient sages, was born in Kolkata on 12th January 1863. His father was Viswanath Dutta, a renowned attorney and mother was Bhuvaneswari Devi, a noble, intelligent, affectionate, pious lady. His first teachings of the great qualities like truthfulness, courage, fellow-feelings etc. started on the lap of his generous mother. He received the teachings of self-respect, self-confidence etc. in his childhood from his high-minded father. Narendranath was a strict follower of truth, he was uncompromised to compromise a least against truth from his very boyhood. This nature of him pushed him to the question that does God really exist? Narendranath approached to many renowned persons on the realm with the question but nobody except Shree Ramakrishna gave him a simple clear, satisfactory answer without any hindrance. Shree Ramakrishna told clearly, “He is, His existence is much clearer than you are to me, if you follow my instructions, I can show you also”. Narendranath began to visit Shree Ramakrishna more often and gradually accepted him as his Guru, the spiritual teacher. He dipped into the realm of deep spiritual practices under his Guru’s instructions and soon attained the peak of spiritual world, the Nirvikalpa Samadhi. He wanted to stay there merging into that but Shree Ramakrishna scolded him that that was not for him, he had to perform Mother’s Work i.e. to teach the world for its uplift. Then the door of Nirvikalpa Samadhi would be locked for him and that would be opened after finishing the Mother’s work. Shree Ramakrishna instructed him how the Mother’s work has to be performed. In the meantime he lost his father who used to earn much but his large heart used to spend much more for others; so he was not able to keep money for his family. In this condition Narendranath had to face a great hardship. Despite his utmost effort he failed to arrange the minimum necessity for his mother and brothers and he had to undergo in starving often. So he had to pass then through great agony. Then at the same time his Guru, Shree Ramakrishna was also being ready for leaving this world by accepting incurable decease, cancer. Narendranath had to manage these difficult tasks simultaneously – i) to administer his family matters as described before, ii) to organize his brother-disciples for the service of Shree Ramakrishna, the pole-star of their lives, going to leave this world soon and iii) to dip into his spiritual practices for realization of the ultimate truth.

Shree Ramakrishna left his mortal body on 16th August 1886. Narendranath along with his brother-disciples i.e. most of the young disciples of Shree Ramakrishna accepted the vow of Sannyasa and they all dived deep into great austerity and spiritual practices which was unique in the history of spiritual world. Narendranath, the leader of this monastic group led them very efficiently with great love and placing of his own life of knowledge, spirituality, austerity, unselfishness, method of workings etc. in front of them. This budding organization afterwards manifested into twin organizations, Ramakrishna Math and Ramakrishna Mission. After a few years he travelled whole India, the land of renunciation and spirituality to know about all the pros and cons of her. His travel throughout the country unveiled the mystery how an all-round developed country turned to its present miserable condition where most of common people of the country were living like beasts without sufficient food and cloth. They had lost their self-confidence and they were about to forget their human-nature but he further noticed also that all the fine attributes of a real man like feelings for others, faith to God, ability to work etc. were still alive in them. He began to think how those descendants of great Rishis could be re-established on their past glory. He found the answer from his core of heart that they had to endow again with self-respect and real teachings were necessary for them. But how that can be done? He got the answer from his inner-self and got direction from the Cosmic-Power also. He decided to go America to attend the Parliament of Religions which was to be organized in Chicago as a representative of Hindu Religion. He had already been requested for that by his friends and disciples of Madras. At this time he took the name of Swami Vivekananda and started for America with the little money collected by his friends from themselves by subscription. He reached Chicago on 30th July 1893.

America was totally an unknown country to him and he was alone there. He had no credentials which was almost must to attend the Parliament of Religions, with him. He had no sufficient money also but he had to wait for the Parliament because he reached America in well advance. So he had to face a lot of great difficulties which was sufficient to frighten anyone, as much he might be brave. But depending upon the God alone he overcame all and at last he attained the Parliament of Religions in Chicago as the representative of Hinduism. His lectures put a great impact on the audience and afterwards on most of the educated Americans for his genuine love for them, deep knowledge on all the scriptures of Hinduism and other religions and above all his realization of the truth, described in the scriptures. The people of western countries came to know what treasures were inside the Indian Culture and how great was the Indian Nation! They became respectful to India and Indians though a band of Christian Missionaries and some of his own countrymen became jealous and hostile to him for his acceptance to a large number of people. But that jealousy and hostility could no harm to him, on the contrary helped others to understand his great and high qualities. His countrymen who lost their self-reliance which was the main cause of degradation of India, get back that self-reliance and India began to regenerate. Western people came to know about the real religion or the real spirituality which was a great balm to reduce their mental unrest.

He came back to India on 15th January 1897. Now he put emphasis on the service in India to impart the real education among the masses. According to him education is the panache to solve all the problems of mankind. He travelled all over the country and delivered lectures among the masses to make them conscious about his ideas for regeneration of India. He established Ramakrishna Mission and nicely fixed the forms of both the Ramakrishna Math and Ramakrishna Mission with the help of his brother-disciples and his own disciples. He concretized his ideas of making “One’s own salvation and welfare of the world” through this twin organization. Through the Ramakrishna Mission he materialized the ideas of his Guru, Shree Ramakrishna – “Serve the creature as the God”. After giving a new dimension in religious doctrines of the world and rousing the vitality in national life of India following Shree Ramakrishna’s directions, he was preparing himself for his ultimate journey from the world. He was giving hints also for that to his inner circle, but they were not ready to understand the meaning of those. He left his mortal body on 4th July 1902.

Few teachings of Swami Vivekananda are as follows:-

  1. No need of looking behind. Forward! We want infinite energy, infinite zeal; infinite courage and infinite patience; then only will great things be achieved.
  2. Be moral, be brave, be a heart-whole man – strictly moral, brave unto desperation. Don’t bother your head with religious theories; cowards only sin, brave men never. Try to love anybody and everybody.
  3. Faith, sympathy, fiery faith and fiery sympathy! Faith, faith, faith in ourselves, faith, faith in God – this is the secret of greatness.
  4. The ideal of faith in ourselves is the greatest help to us. If faith in ourselves had been more extensively taught and practiced, I am sure a very large portion of the evils and miseries that we have, would be vanished.
  5. To me Mother’s grace is a hundred thousand times more valuable than Father’s grace, Mother’s blessings are all paramount to me.
  6. Him I call a Mahatman whose heart bleeds for the poor, otherwise he is a Duratman.
  7. After so much austerity, I have understood this as real truth, God is present in every Jiva, there is no other God besides that. Who serves Jiva, serves God indeed.
  8. Give up jealousy and conceit. Learn to work unitedly for others. This is the great need of our country.
  9. Great things can be done by great sacrifices only.
  10. One may gain political and social independence, but if he is a slave to his passions and desires, he cannot feel the pure joy of freedom.
  11. The man that has practiced control over himself, cannot be acted upon by anything outside; there is no more slavery for him. His mind has become free; such a man alone is fit to live.
  12. Stand up, be bold, be strong. Take the whole responsibility on your shoulders and know that you are the creator of your own destiny. All the strength and succour you want is within yourselves. Therefore make your own future.

Shreemat Swami Shivananda – Mahapurush Maharaj (1854 – 1934):-

Swami Shivananda, previously known as Tarak Nath Ghosal was born at Barasat in the District of present North 24 Parganas of West Bengal on 16th December 1854. His father was Ramkanai Ghosal, a great Tantrik Sadhaka i.e. worshiper of Divine Mother following complex and difficult rituals. Burning sensation of Shree Ramakrishna developed at the time of his spiritual practices had disappeared by wearing amulet prescribed by Shree Ramkanai Ghosal who was respected much by Shree Ramakrishna. His mother was Bamasundari Devi. Both of his parents were very much large hearted and they had much charity for the poor. He had one elder and other two younger sisters. His mother died at the age of his 9 years when his youngest sister was only 3 months old. He had to look after this youngest sister. Two more grave shocks were waiting for him. His eldest sister also died within a few years and his second sister came back to her father’s house being a widow. All these accidents occurred within his 14 years of age and as a result intense spirit of renunciation came to his mind.

He was meritorious but he had no attention to build up any academic carrier. He did not appear in the Entrance-Examination, he took up the pilgrimages. In this phase of his life he accepted service in Railways not to be a burden to anybody and to continue his pilgrim-life. Gradually his mind began to turn more indrawn. Question arose in his mind what real Samadhi is, he wanted to know the real Samadhi and became eager to experience Samadhi. But despite his utmost endeavour he found nobody who can satisfy him in this matter. He loved very much the deep meditated postures of Lord Shiva and Lord Buddha. He decided that he would never accept the married life and in that way he would spend his spiritual life. But the will of God was different.

Proposals for marriage had come to him from his father a few times, he refused every time, but at last it came in a complicated way. The proposal was he had to marry a girl of a family of which a boy would marry his beloved youngest sister whom he had brought up with great affection from her birth. His sister’s marriage would not be possible if he did not accept the proposal because his father had no ability to pay marriage-money due to his wretched economic condition. So he was compelled to marry and came to Kolkata accepting a service there. He used to stay near the house of Ram Chandra Dutta, a close devotee of Shree Ramakrishna. He looked after his wife Nityakali Devi in all her necessities but he clearly told her that it was not possible for him to accept the worldly-married life like other house-holders. Nityakali Devi also respected him much due to his pious life.

He first met Shree Ramakrishna, an incarnation of God and prophet of the age whom he later accepted as his Guru, the spiritual teacher, at the house of Ram Chandra Dutta. It was happened probably in the year 1880. He heard from Shree Ramakrishna about the essence of Samadhi which was searched by him from his childhood and from the mode of discussion he became confirmed that Shree Ramakrishna was speaking from his own experience. After so many years he achieved his life-guide. Tarak Nath found his own mother in Shree Ramakrishna. He began to visit Dakshineswar oftenly and was progressing spiritually rapidly. Gradually he became acquainted with other disciples of Shree Ramakrishna like Naren, Rakhal and others. In this period his wife Nityakali devi became seriously ill, he took all the means to recover her but he failed and she left her mortal body. He became free from all worldly bondages. He gave up his service and prayed for permission from his father for leaving this worldly life. The father who knew the importance of leaving worldly life in spiritual sphere being himself a spiritual aspirant, blessed his son with tears in his eyes that “You realize God. I myself tried my best, I tried to leave up the Worldly-Life but I could not, so I bless you, you realize God.” He was the first among the disciples of Shree Ramakrishna who cut off all the relations from the worldly life. Henceforth he used to stay at first at Dakshineswar and afterwards Shree Ramakrishna arranged his staying at the house of Ram Chandra Dutta. He spent almost all his time in spiritual practices. Gradually Shree Ramakrishna was also fallen ill and Tarak Nath devoted his time to serve his Guru along with his other brother-disciples to cure him. But Shree Ramakrishna left his mortal body foiling all the endeavors of his disciples.

Now a new phase of Tarak Nath’s life began. He left for pilgrimages for a few days. Soon Narendranath, later Swami Vivekananda rented a house at Baranagar to conduct a Math with the ideas and ideals of their Guru Shree Ramakrishna with the financial help of Suresh Chandra Mitra who got a divine vision in this matter. Narendranath called Tarak Nath to stay at the Math and soon he arrived, he is the first inhabitant of this budding Math which would be developed in future as Ramakrishna Math with its various branches. Gradually other young disciples of Shree Ramakrishna gathered there. They all plunged into intense spiritual practices which would be red lettered marked in the history of spiritual practices of thousands of years. There they all took the vow of Sannyasa, life of renunciation and Tarak Nath turned to Swami Shivananda. Swami Vivekananda called him ‘Mahapurush’ for his high spiritual life. Gradually he was recognized in Ramakrishna Sangha as Mahapurush Maharaj. He spent many years in deep spiritual practices and was roaming in different pilgrimages depending upon only on God. When Swami Vivekananda came back to India from West after his glorious campaign there, Swami Shivananda along with Swami Niranjanananda first welcomed him. Swami Vivekananda established Ramakrishna Mission and started different works following the Mantras “Work is worship”, “Service to man is service to God”. Mahapurush Maharaj also joined these works accepting these as ‘Sādhanā’ of the new age responding the loving and clarion call of their beloved brother and leader Swami Vivekananda. He had to take different important responsibilities of the twin organizations Ramakrishna Math and Ramakrishna Mission.

He had to take even the highest position of Ramakrishna Math and Ramakrishna Mission but he was always merged into Shree Ramakrishna, he could not think himself nothing but a tool of Shree Ramakrishna. Actually Shree Ramakrishna was revealing through him. When he was the President of the whole Ramakrishna Math and Ramakrishna Mission and was the Guru or spiritual guide of hundreds of people, he expressed his function in this way that he was only a worshiper of Shree Ramakrishna where he was offering his disciples to the lotus feet of Shree Ramakrishna as flowers are used to offer. He used to bless all the people who came to him. At the fag end of his monastic life he was bed-ridden and unable to talk due to severe stroke. But joy was always radiated from his face and every man and woman was being blessed receiving his soundless blessings expressed by gesture. At last he left his mortal body on 20th February 1934 at the age of eighty, Buddha’s age. It is believed in Ramakrishna Sangha that previously he was one of the inner-circle companions of Lord Buddha supported by different incidents in his life.

Few teachings of Swami Shivananda are as follows:-

  1. Prayer, prayer, only pray to Him with extreme intentness. Weep with prayer, then only His mercy will come. See, how Shree Shree Thakur used to call Him! He used to weep rubbing his face on ground and cried, one day has passed away, Oh Mother, yet you have not given your vision!
  2. At the time when you will do meditation and japam, do it with great affection and love. You may do for ten or twenty minutes but you have to do with heart and soul. He is the knower of core of the entire mind, He is your inner most existence, He will see your urge, He will see your love, He will not see the time.
  3. Why have you keep your hair so long? Cut off that. It will be falsely exhibiting religion. You will live like other people. There will not exist any difference from outside. You will call Mother from your innermost soul. Is She an out-worldly mother?
  4. Is it a common age? It is a great holy period. All will be easy to any person who will take the name of Shree Ramakrishna in this age and will proceed on the path of God accepting him the ideal. In this age it is very easy to achieve godliness if anybody makes his life with the ideal of Shree Ramakrishna and moulds own life in his life-mould.
  5. Don’t forget Him in this world of Māyā. You may do hundreds of work, you may earn crores of money, but know it rigidly from the core of your heart that these are all transient, you have to leave these in time. The permanent existence is only God. Pray to the Lord, take refuge to him. My child, all bondages will go away.